Sustainable city 2012

EAT member Ksenija Bunjak, along with the architect Vanja Panic, held a lecture “Proportional analysis of façade openings on residential buildings of Modernism by architect Belobrk against the backdrop of bioclimatic architecture and current climate changes” at the 7th International Conference on Urban Regeneration and Sustainability “SUSTAINABLE CITY 2012” (Wessex Institute of Technology, UK), May 7-9th, 2012 in Ancona, Italy.

World policy has lately been increasingly geared toward current issues of limited energy resources and environmental crisis. Analyses have indicated that built environment is the largest energy consumer and hazardous gas emitter. Over the years, a whole range of recommendations and guidelines have been issued on building design. Nonetheless, the wider and more important question is the position of existing buildings (designed in accordance with local, natural and social determinants or not) at the time of climate change. The subject matter of the lecture was the proportional analysis of facades and façade openings of residential buildings from Belgrade’s Modernism period before the World War Two (1930-1940). Building of this type represent majority of the built environment in the city. Case study included three residential buildings by architect Momcilo Belobrk in: 63 Njegoseva Str,, 14 Dobracina Str. and 17 Dositejeva Str.. Besides the direct proportional examination of the chosen buildings and their facades, potential connections with traditional proportioning principles have also been studied. The context and environment have been analyzed, and, primarily, the climate characteristics. The lecture focused on exploring potential connections between the proportions of the façade openings and the natural conditions found on the location. Subsequently, proportion and distribution of openings on façade were analyzed in the context of climate changes. The analysis addressed the question weather the building was designed in the way that enabled its openings’ proportions to steam the climate and site characteristics. If yes, the question was how such a building behaves today, considering all the evident climate and contextual changes? If not, how should we approach to its renewal, obeying principles of bioclimatic architecture, and how to promote the architecture of Modernism in the present societal conditions?

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